A Brief History Of The United States Military Academy

The United States Military Academy is also known as USMA, West Point, The Point, The Academy or Army. It is a four-year co-educational college and is the exclusive service academy for the U.S. Army.

USMA was established during President Thomas Jefferson?s administration in 1802. USMA is located in West Point, New York. It sits on a scenic campus overlooking the Hudson River 50 miles north of New York City. The campus boasts a ski slope and artillery range along with its academic buildings and sports facilities. The campus is a National Historic Landmark and home to many historic sites, buildings and monuments. Much of the campus architecture is in the neo-Gothic style, as exemplified by the Cadet Chapel, built in 1910.

Students at USMA are officers-in-training and are known as cadets and come from all 50 of the United States; graduates are collectively known as ?The Ling Gray Line,? a nickname taken from the school?s traditional hymn, ?The Corps.? USMA also recruits 60 exchange cadets from allied nations each academic year.

Tuition for cadets is fully-funded by the U.S. Army in exchange for an active-duty service obligation after graduation. Approximately 1,000 cadets graduate each spring and are commissioned as second lieutenants, the typical entry-level rank for most commissioned officers in the US Army.

In 2008 Forbes Magazine ranked West Point as the #6 college in the country and #1 among the public institutions on its annual ?America’s Best Colleges? rankings.

USMA provides a well-rounded experience with a broad academic curriculum, mandatory participation in competitive sports, military leadership responsibility and an atmosphere of moral-ethical development.

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Cadets? class standings are based on a combination of academic, leadership and performance in all activities. Cadets live by and within the Cadet Honor Code, which states “a cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, nor tolerate those who do.”

Many famous Americans have graduated from USMA including two presidents, Ulysses S. Grant and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Other famous graduates are Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, John Pershing, Omar Bradley and Douglas MacArthur.